I learn by trial and error, this is both time consuming and expensive. I went on a quest to provide my feathered friends with fresh drinking water through the winter, my main objective was making sure it was both economical and effective. After ordering an economical model from Farm Innovators, I experienced a set back of several weeks, because, it the heater does not work, it freezes solid! It was necessary to wait until the temperatures were up again in order to extract the heater and sent it back. I then decided to spend a bit more for a model from Allied Precision Industries which works like a dream!
It works in sub-zero temperatures and has 250 watts but will not overheat the water as it has a built in thermostat that will allow the water to heat to 20 degrees Fahrenheit before turning off.
“I don’t ask for the meaning of the song of a bird or the rising of the sun on a misty morning. There they are, and they are beautiful.”
- JOAN CARSON: Winter Is Harsh for Feathered Friends (kitsapsun.com)